Inappropriate laughter in the archives, &ca.


medievalpoc is NOT claiming:

  • that in mediaeval Europe, there were lots of people of colour everywhere
  • that perceptions of race have always been the same, everywhere
  • that fantasy and historical fiction and games should focus exclusively on people of colour, no…
4 or 5 of the Easternmost [Galapagos Islands] are rocky, barren and hilly, producing neither Tree, Herb, nor Grass, but a few Dildoe-trees, except by the Sea-side. The Dildoe-tree is a green prickly shrub, that grows about 10 or 12 foot high, without either Leaf or Fruit. It is as big as a Man’s Leg, from the root to the top, and it is full of sharp prickles, growing in thick rows from top to bottom; this shrub is fit for no use, not so much as to burn.

A Collection of Voyages. In FOUR VOLUMES. I. Captain WILLIAM DAMPIER’S VOYAGES round the World: Describing particularly, the Coasts and Islands in the East and West-Indies. The South-Sea Coasts of Chili, Peru and Mexico. The Countries of Tonquin, Achin and Malacca. The Cape of Good Hope, New-Holland, &c. II. The VOYAGES of LIONEL WAFER; Giving an Account of his being left on the Isthmus of American, amongst the Indians, and of their Treatment of him; with a particular Description of the Country, &c. Also TheNatural History of those Parts. By a Fellow of the Royal Society. And DAVIS’S Expedition to the Golden Mines. III. A VOYAGE round the World: Containing an Account of Capt. DAMPIER’S Expedition into the South-Seas in the Ship St. George. With his Various Adventures and Engagements, &c. together with a Voyage from the West Coast of Mexico to East-India. By W. FUNNELL, Mate to Capt. Dampier. IV. Capt. COWLEY’S VOYAGE round the Globe. V. Capt. SHARP’S Journey over the Isthmus of Darien, AND Expedition into the South-Seas.VI. Capt. WOOD’S Voyage through the Streights of Magellan. VII. Mr. ROBERT’S Adventures and Sufferings among the Corsairs of the Levant: His Description of the Archipelago Islands, &c. Illustrated with Maps and Draughts: Also several Birds, Fishes, and Plants, not found in this Part of the World: Curiously Engraven on Copper-Plates. (London: James and John Knapton, 1729), vol. I, 101.

We might have loaded our Boats with young Boobies and Penguins in an Hour, and took as many as we thought convenient, before we return’d Aboard, which our Men eat. The Booby has already been describ’d…The Penguin is a Bird near as big as a Goose, having two Fins, instead of Wings, and Scales under the Belly, and on the Thighs, Duck-footed, cannot fly, but runs very fast, fluttering along with the Fins, lives on Fish, and eats fishy, the Flesh black, and looks like Bull Beef, yet we eat them, for Want of better Food.
Edward Cooke, A Voyage to the South Sea, and Round the World, Perform’d in the Years 1708, 1709, 1710, and 1711. Containing A JOURNAL of all memorable Transactions during the said VOYAGE; the Winds, Currents, and Variation of the Compass; the taking of the Towns of Puna and Guayaquil, and several PRIZES, one of which a rich Acapulco Ship. A DESCRIPTION of the American Coasts, from Tierra del Fuego in the South, to California in the North, (from the Coasting-Pilot, a Spanish Manuscript.) An HISTORICAL ACCOUNT of all those Countries from the best AUTHORS. With a new MAP and DESCRIPTION of the mighty River of the AMAZONS. Wherein an ACCOUNT is given of Mr. Alexander Selkirk, his Manner of living and taming some wild Beasts during the four Years and four Months he liv’d upon the uninhabited Island of Juan Fernandes. Illustrated with Cuts and Maps, 2 vols.(London: Printed by H. M. for B. Lintot and R. Gosling in fleet-Street, A. Bettesworth on London-Bridge, and W. Innys in St. Paul’s Church-Yard, 1712), 127.
This article reports research commenced in 1963 and somewhat retarded in the past five years by the exigencies and alarums of work in a new university.

E. P. Thompson, “The Moral Economy of the English Crowd in the Eighteenth Century,” Past & Present, no. 50 (February 1971), 76.







The truth about foodstamps. Enough already with the fear mongering, the insistence in making the audience TRULY BELIEVE that SOMEONE has it better than they do, that SOMEONE SOMEWHERE Is getting over on them




You cannot buy electronics with food stamps. You cannot buy cigarettes with food stamps. You cannot buy pet food with food stamps. You cannot withdraw money with an EBT card (food stamps).

Do you know what else you can’t buy with food stamps? Shampoo, soap, laundry detergent, toilet paper, paper towels, tissues, tinfoil, plastic sandwich bags, toothpaste, cleaning products, tampons, pads, over the counter medications (such as Tylenol, Ibuprofen, etc.), and anything else you can think of that you cannot physically ingest for nutritional purposes.

Do you know what you can buy with food stamps? Food.

Do you know what it’s like to scrounge for change to buy non-edible necessities, use a credit card and EBT card (food stamps) during the same transaction, and then have the person in line behind you judge you for buying the ingredients to make a birthday cake?

People who disseminate false information about food stamps have never had to use food stamps.

Okay, but let’s talk for a second about how that one lady called turkey “big chicken”

You can’t even buy all food with food stamps. You just… you flat-out can’t buy “food that will be eaten in the store/any food sold for on-premises consumption” or any “hot foods” with food stamps—meaning you can’t buy anything hot, you can’t buy anything that gets blended together, you can’t buy anything “pre-prepared,” in most cases you can’t use your EBT card at restaurants. You literally CANNOT purchase a milkshake with food stamps, because it’s considered “sold for on-premises consumption” (which was ridiculous at the place I worked, because the customer had to mix their own milkshake themself with a little machine we provided them, and several people got upset—rightfully so, I think—that it wasn’t covered under food stamps, because they often only found out at the register after already mixing it, often as a treat for their kids). You literally can’t walk into a gas station, grab one of those hot dogs off their grills/out of the little heated food area, and buy it with food stamps, because it’s hot.

And when I say “can’t,” I don’t mean “if the cashier notices you trying and cares enough to stop you, they’ll refuse to do it for you.” I mean “it is actually impossible to do this.” I’m not even sure these people who disseminate false information about food stamps have paid any attention at all when buying things at the store, because what happens is: We scan in the customer’s items, into our computer. The computer has specific codes for the items and rules for what it will let you pay for things with. We scan the customer’s EBT card, and it tells us exactly how much of that price total can be paid for via EBT, and it will not include anything that isn’t food, and it will not include anything considered “pre-prepared” food. It does this automatically AND THERE IS NO OVERRIDE FOR IT. If our machines say that you can’t use the EBT card to pay for something, there is literally nothing we can do to change that, even if we WANTED to.

So no. You can’t buy iPads or cigarettes with food stamps. You can’t withdraw money from casinos or anywhere else with food stamps. You can’t buy dog food with food stamps; sometimes you can’t even buy people food with food stamps. I’m not even sure if you can buy “the big chicken legs” at Disney with food stamps; remember, you can’t buy “any food sold for on-premises consumption” OR any hot foods, and that’s both.

Literally the only thing these fearmongers listed that you can actually purchase with food stamps even if you are in goddamn cahoots with the evil liberal cashier or store manager is soda, and the judgement against people buying that with food stamps is classist fuckwittery at its finest.

So, as always, Fox News is actually flat-out lying, and hateful conservatives both don’t know what they’re talking about and don’t give a fuck about people going through shit that they will never have to go through themselves, and that they in fact don’t have even the tiniest clue about (not even via five seconds’ research; a list of things that can’t be purchased with food stamps is on the Food and Nutrition Services website) but still think they should spout off about to their TV audience anyway.


when i find myself in times of trouble, remus lupin comes to me speaking words of wisdom



Day 20: Visit of the British Royals

“I think it would be an excellent thing for Anglo-American relations if you could visit the United States.”
-Franklin Roosevelt to King George VI, September 17, 1938

With war looming, FDR searched for ways to bolster ties with democratic nations opposing Hitler. When he invited England’s King George VI for a state visit in June 1939, the message was clear. No reigning British monarch had ever visited America. The invitation signaled a new era in Anglo-American cooperation.

FDR and ER planned every detail to ensure the King won sympathy and support. Their efforts paid off.  The public heartily welcomed the King and Queen in Washington. The royals visited Mount Vernon, where the King laid a wreath at George Washington’s grave. Later, they accompanied the Roosevelts to Hyde Park, where they enjoyed simple American pleasures, including a hot dog picnic. FDR and King George developed a real rapport. More important, press coverage of the royal visit fostered public sympathy with Britain.

During the British Royal visit of June 1939, King George VI president FDR with this House of Windsor gold inkwell, made by Garrard & Co. Ltd. of London.

You can read more about the 1939 Royal Visit here on our website.